What are the safe alternatives for Russian gas to Europe?

As Europe talks about alternatives to Russian gas such as coal and nuclear power, experts expect European countries to turn to a safer and cheaper alternative, warning of its risks to the environment and climate.

According to the French newspaper Tribune, the construction of coal and nuclear power plants as alternatives will have a negative impact on the climate and deepen the global warming crisis.

40% of Europe’s imports of oil and gas come from Russia, and the largest imports are Germany, which announced the cancellation of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, a decision that may affect the long-term development of the European environment. For the French newspapers, because Germany plans to abandon the nuclear power plant and replace it with natural gas.
Recently, German Vice Chancellor and Economy Minister Robert Habeck said in a statement broadcast on German TV that concerns about energy insecurity have prompted foreign parties and local stakeholders to reconsider the process of phasing out nuclear power reactors.

European News website reported that if the European Union cuts ties with Russia and halts imports of natural gas, it could force some European governments to restart stalled coal-fired power plants.

Coal is the worst fossil fuel, contributing more than 0.3°C for every 1°C increase in average global temperature, making it the single largest source of global warming.
In 2021, nuclear power generation will increase by 6% compared to 2020, and this source has been the largest contributor to European power generation since 2014, knowing that some of these plants have reached the end of their life cycle, which is very expensive. Rebuild them, because they are only 40 years old.

The impact of high oil prices on the war in Ukraine, which rose to about $118 a barrel for the first time since 2014, and rising natural gas prices, have left Europeans with many challenges and options for alternative energy sources.

Given the negative impact on the environment, Europe, which has plenty of coal, could see this as a short-term solution, according to political analyst Michael Shulkin.

“I think they have no choice but to switch to nuclear power, which is a good time for US LNG exporters,” Shulkin added.
As for Hussein Kader, a member of the German Socialist Party, he said: “Europe, with Germany at its head, will turn to other alternative energy sources, especially renewable energy sources, instead of coal and nuclear energy.”

“Germany will diversify its natural gas sources, build gas liquefaction plants, and switch to renewable energy. Germany aims to be climate neutral by 2045,” Card noted.

Germany is also looking to accelerate solar projects, with a focus on onshore and offshore wind energy projects.

According to Khader, “Imports of clean hydrogen-based fuels could also play an important role, with Australia being the most prominent potential supplier of hydrogen and transiting through the port of Rotterdam.”

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